Following my introductory post here, this post, as the title indicates explains vitamins into further details.
There are 2 types of vitamins; water-soluble and fat-soluble.
1. Water Soluble – which includes the B group vitamins, vitamin C and folic acid. These vitamins are excreted rapidly in the urine and, as such, should be taken daily or even several times daily to maintain healthy levels.
- B Group of vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6) – These work together as a group and need to be balanced in order to work. They are known as the anti-stress vitamins
- Folic Acid – Folic acid protects the nervous system and is essential to the development of the foetus
- Vitamin C – This strengthens the immune system so it can ward off illness and neutralise harmful substances
2. Fat Soluble – the body can retain stores of fat soluble vitamins in the liver; therefore, they can be taken less frequently. They can be derived from plant and animal sources. As they are retained, there is a risk of toxicity if the RDA is habitually exceeded, particularly vitamins A and D
- Vitamin A – This is essential for the health of eyes, maintaining sight and night vision. It is also an important antioxidant, helping to neutralize harmful substances called ‘free radicals’
- Vitamin D – This is responsible for regulating the use of calcium and phosphorus, which are needed for healthy teeth and bones, and muscle function
- Vitamin E – This is a powerful antioxidant, protecting us against unstable free radicals, which can damage cells and cause disease. It is also particularly good for protecting the skin
- Vitamin K – This is essential for proper blood clotting and also has a role in bone and teeth formation
Dairy, eggs, green leafy vegetables and oily fish, supply many fat-soluble vitamins.
Thank you for reading 🙂 Let me know what you think in the comments below!